Pregnancy leg cramping starts when leg muscles are tired from carrying around extra weight. This starts during second trimester and become acute as time goes ahead with increased belly.
They may be aggravated by the pressure your expanding uterus puts on the blood vessels that return blood from your legs to your heart and the nerves leading from your trunk to your legs. The cramp is felt during night times.
Some of majors that can be taken during pregnancy cramp are: Straighten your leg, Flex your foot so that your ankle and toes point up (toward your head), Massage your calf, Walk around to stretch your calf, Avoid pointing your toes when you stretch your legs.
These cramps are caused due to deficiency of certain minerals. Pregnant women sometimes suffer from lack of calcium, magnesium and vitamin D which the unborn child takes during metabolism when the child is growing.
Lack of calcium and magnesium can be compensated by nutrition which is rich in these two minerals. A doctor would recommend drinking mineral water which consists of a high amount of magnesium. When a pregnant woman is experiencing a cramp in the heel or the calf and in order to ease oneself, the patient should press the heel against the foot of the bed. If the bed is not having a foot then one should stand up on the leg in which one is experiencing the cramp.
Mostly leg cramps affect women during pregnancy. These leg cramps are caused due to fatigue because of the extra weight that women are carrying during pregnancy. They also get aggravated due to expanding uterus putting pressure on blood vessels that return blood from legs to the heart and the nerves leading to the legs. These leg cramps generally occur during bedtime.
In order to avoid leg cramps, one should take the following precautions such as stretching calf and leg muscles during the day and before bed time, rotating ankles and wiggling the toes when one is sitting, lying on the left side in order to improve the circulation and wearing supportive stockings.